EXOTIC BIRDS: Keen Observation of Species, Ecosystem, Color, and Behavior

exotic birds way out of world

Exotic birds are usually non-native birds, coming from the rainforests of America, Africa, and Australia, their typical natural habitats. We can also discover few species, like the non-yellow canaries, which are considered exotic because they are not initially found in nature but have been formulated through a selective process.

Here are some of the Exotic Birds listed for you.

1. The Rainbow Lorikeet

  • Scientific Name: Trichoglossus moluccanus
  • Species of Australasian parrot found in Australia, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, eastern Indonesia (Maluku and Western New Guinea), the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu
  • Found: Along the eastern seaboard in Australia, from Queensland to South Australia and northwest Tasmania
  • Habitat: Coastal bush, Rainforest, and woodland region
  • Several taxa traditionally classified as subspecies of the Rainbow Lorikeet are frequently interpreted as separate species.
  • Little to visually distinguish between the sexes
  • Dimorphism is readily apparent to a keen observer of coloring and behavior

2. The Golden Pheasant

  • Scientific Name: Chrysolophus pictus
  • Native to forests in hilly areas of western China
  • Feral populations found and bred in the UK
  • It catches the eye with a beautiful display of color
  • Unmistakably attractive with a golden crest, rump, and rich red body.
  • Male spreads his deep orange ‘cape,’ to look like a black and orange fan covering everything except the bright yellow eye when showing off to attract a mate.

3. The Quetzal

  • Scientific Name: Pharomachrus mocinno
  • Considered among the world’s most beautiful
  • Vibrantly colored creatures
  • Exist in the mountain, tropical forests of Central America
  • Eat fruit, lizards, insects, and small creatures
  • Unfortunately threatened in Guatemala and elsewhere.

4. The Hoopoe

  • Scientific Name: Upupidae
  • Colorful bird
  • Found across Afro-Eurasia
  • Notable for its distinctive ‘crown’ of feathers
  • The Giant Hoopoe of Saint Helena, one insular species, is extinct
  • Madagascar subspecies of the Hoopoe slightly elevated to a complete species
  • An English name is an onomatopoetic form that imitates the cry of the bird

5. The Bali Bird of Paradise

  • Scientific Name: Paradisaeidae order Passeriformes
  • Spotted on the island of New Guinea and its satellites
  • Few species befalling in the Moluccas and eastern Australia
  • Only see them on film
  • Mostly live in inaccessible, dense rainforest habitats.

6. The Atlantic Puffin

  • Scientific Name: Fratercula arctica
  • Seabird species in the auk family
  • Pelagic bird
  • Feeds primarily by diving for fish, also eats other sea creatures like squid and crustaceans.
  • The most obvious characteristic during the breeding season is its brightly colored bill.
  • Also known as the Common Puffin
  • Only puffin species were observed in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Big colorful bill and its impressive piebald plumage
  • Has nicknames like ‘”clown of the ocean” and “sea rooster.”
  • Rural bird for the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador

7. The Lear’s Macaw

  • Scientific Name: Anodorhynchus leari
  • Also known as the Indigo Macaw
  • Large, all-blue Brazilian parrot
  • Member of the collection of Neotropical parrots called macaws
  • First illustrated by Charles Lucien Bonaparte in 1856
  • Mostly 70–75 cm long and weighs around 950 g
  • Metallic blue with a faint, barely visible tinge of green
  • Yellow spot of skin at the bottom of the heavy, black bill
  • Rare with a highly restricted range

8. The Kingfishers

  • Scientific Name: Pelargopsis capensis
  • Found in the tropical Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, from India to Indonesia.
  • Use large, heavy bills to catch and kill prey.
  • Plunge into the water from their perch, usually approx.2-4 m. above water
  • Eat fish, crabs, insects, frogs, mice, lizards, and birds & eggs.
  • Prey is taken back to the perch and whacked senseless against it.
  • Usually, they hunt near freshwater and along coasts and mangroves.
  • Habitats have suitable perches.
  • Rarely found near urban areas.

9. The Peacock

  • Scientific Name: Pavo cristatus
  • Large, colorful pheasants
  • Typically blue and green
  • Known for iridescent tails, tail feathers, or coverts, spread out in a distinctive train
  • More than 60 % of the bird’s total body length is due to feathers
  • Colorful “eye” markings of blue, red, gold, and hues of other colors
  • The large train utilized in mating rituals and courtship demonstrations
  • Arches into a magnificent fan touching the ground on either side
  • Females choose mates based on size, color, and quality of feather trains

10. The Northern Cardinal

  • Scientific Name: Cardinalis cardinalis
  • Found in southeastern Canada, the Eastern United States from Maine to Minnesota to Texas, South through Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala
  • Male responsible for getting more people to open up a field guide than any other bird
  • The perfect blend of familiarity, conspicuousness, and style & shade of red
  • Brown females don a sharp crest and flushed red accents
  • Don’t migrate and don’t molt into a dull plumage
  • still breathtaking in winter’s snowy backyards
  • sweet whistles are the first sounds of the summer morning

11. The California Condor

  • Scientific Name: Gymnogyps californianus
  • New World vulture
  • Most giant North American land bird
  • Inhabits northern Arizona and southern Utah, Grand Canyon area, Zion National Park, coastal mountains of central and southern California, north of Baja California
  • The only surviving segment of the genus Gymnogyps

12. The African Crowned Crane

  • Scientific Name: Balearica regulorum
  • Bird in the crane family Gruidae
  • Populates the dry African savannah southern Sahara
  • Nests in wetter habitats
  • It is primarily spotted in marshes, grassy flatlands near rivers and lakes from eastern Uganda, cultivated areas, and Kenya to South Africa.
  • Does not migrate
  • Two Sub-species

(Crested Crane) The East African B. r. gibbericeps

1. Observed at the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo through Uganda and from Kenya to eastern South Africa

2. The national bird of Uganda

3. The larger area of bare red facial skin above the white patch

(Crowned Crane) The South African B. r. regulorum

1. The smaller area of bare red facial skin above the white patch

2. Breeds from Angola down to South Africa

Final Words

Nature does not stop amazing us as more and more species of various birds are discovered worldwide. Among these are exotic and unique birds that, over the years, have become a center of curiosity for scientists, researchers, and bird watchers alike, thanks to the diversity and unique features of the winged creatures.


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